Here are some do’s and don’ts when traveling in rural areas or less developed countries:
Remember that food and waterborne diseases are the number one cause of illness in travelers.
Check with a local travel clinic.
Pack a complete First Aid Kit
Wash hands often with soap and water, or with hand sanitizer.
Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated drinks in cans or bottles.
If this is not possible, make water safer by BOTH filtering through an “absolute 1-micron or less” filter AND adding iodine tablets to the filtered water.
Eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself. Remember: boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it.
Keep feet clean and dry and do not go barefoot to prevent fungal and parasitic infections.
To prevent malaria and other diseases carried by insects, wear long sleeves and pants from dusk to dawn, remain in well-screened areas, use repellents containing DEET in 30%ˆ35% strength for adults and 6%ˆ10% for children, and/or stay under permethrin-impregnated mosquito nets.
Eat food purchased from street vendors.
Drink beverages with ice.
Eat undercooked ground beef and poultry, raw eggs, or unpasteurized dairy products.
Handle animals (especially monkeys, dogs, and cats). Bites cause serious diseases (including rabies and plague).
Swim in fresh water (except in well-chlorinated swimming pools).